Juvenile delinquency, its impact and its trial

Recently there have been cases of juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh. Teenage crime is on the alarming rise. The relationship between age and crime is a difficult phenomenon. Section 82 of the Bangladesh Penal Code states that no act by a child under the age of 9 can be considered a crime. According to the Majority Act, 1875, anyone under the age of 18 is considered a minor. Looking at articles 82 to 83 of the Penal Code and the Children’s Act, it can be said that juvenile offenders will be between 12 and 16 years old. It is very difficult to determine the exact definition of juvenile delinquency. It is often said that a juvenile sentenced by a juvenile court is a juvenile delinquent. But juvenile court judgments vary from country to country and from company to company. Juvenile delinquency, according to Cavan and Ferdinand, is the inability of adolescents to display the behavior desired by society. In short, juvenile delinquency is the act by which adolescents become dangerous for society and adolescent life.
The number of juvenile delinquency cases is increasing day by day and the type of crime is changing. About five hundred juvenile delinquency files are filed each year. A recent survey shows that the number of youth gangs exceeds 60 and that number is increasing at an alarming rate. There are 78 juvenile gangs in Dhaka alone and it has around 2000 members and they constantly commit various crimes.
Criminologists stress the importance of adolescent behavior and activities. Social customs, religion, values, social discipline, the idea of ​​right and wrong are created in children and adolescents through the process of socialization. Children and adolescents learn to behave according to the rules of society and are developed as good citizens. Juvenile delinquency must be controlled by society and by standards and regulations recognized by the State. To analyze the causes of juvenile delinquency, it is necessary to adopt a biological, psychological, economic, sociological, geographical and institutional perspective. Physical disorders, psychological imbalances, poverty, social disorder, unfavorable climate, lack of suitable support are responsible for juvenile delinquency. Excessive dependence on mobile and internet, degradation of social values, lack of playground, negative impact of social media, lack of family awareness, lack of pure entertainment, mechanical urban life, deterioration of relations between children and parents play a major role behind youth delinquency.
Teens are more likely to become criminals if they constantly observe conflicts and anomalies in the home environment. Teenagers are involved in various criminal activities. Theft, kidnapping, drug addiction, rape, teasing, gambling, extortion, and even murder are notable among them. Many teens go astray because of their bad company. Adolescents fail to choose the right path due to cultural aggression, deprivation, neglect and weak family ties. Children and adolescents are very fond of imitation. This imitation is a major cause of juvenile delinquency. Teens are motivated by emotion rather than wisdom. Different kinds of inconsistencies, gross negligence, separation from the mainstream of society, underestimation of the rights of adolescents mislead adolescents.
In Bangladesh, anyone under the age of 18 is considered a child and if a person under the age of 18 is involved in a crime it is considered a child crime and that is how the judicial process is ended. . We learn that the government is considering setting an age limit for children. Taking advantage of this age limit of children, many teenagers regularly commit crimes and form youth gangs and by engaging in various kinds of crimes they become a threat to the country and the nation.
Bangladesh adolescents reach maturity within 15-18 years of education and during this time they are involved in various kinds of crimes and their crimes need to be brought to justice, otherwise juvenile crime will not be controlled in any way. Horrible drugs and the erosion of social values ​​continue to mislead adolescents and children, and if we cannot free them from these drugs, we must pay the ultimate price.
All valuable books are meant to be handed over to the soft-hearted children and teens, but it is a great regret that the deadly drug is handed to them today and as a result all of teenage society is on the verge of destruction. . Juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh is on the rise and it is becoming very difficult to control, police officials said. Police are often able to arrest teenagers after they have committed a crime and after arrest they confess their crime and then the police send them to a correctional center and some naughty teenagers take this opportunity. The number of juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh is constantly increasing but at the same time the number of juvenile correctional centers is not increasing. In this case, the number of juvenile correctional centers must be increased and they must be corrected.
Bangladesh Home Secretary Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal thinks it is time to reconsider Bangladesh’s Children Act. The legal complexities of juvenile delinquency must be overcome quickly, otherwise more and more adolescents will have the opportunity to become involved in such crimes. Many experts believe that it is necessary to reform the rights of minors to fight against juvenile delinquency.
In addition to reforming the juvenile law, experts say there is a need to take a number of initiatives to tackle juvenile delinquency, including social awareness and family-level awareness. Lately, children and adolescents are more and more attracted to mobiles and the horrible addiction to mobiles also puts them in danger and helps them to get involved in various crimes. Children and adolescents must be freed from mobile addiction if we really want to stop juvenile delinquency.
Juvenile delinquents are identified as being different from other delinquents. That is why there are special laws for their trial. Their trial is conducted in accordance with the Children’s Act 1974, the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898, the Probation and Offenders Ordinance 1960, and the Penitentiary Code. The government has taken a number of measures regarding juvenile delinquency. The government has established a number of penitentiary institutions in accordance with the Children’s Act. They are-
a) National Penitentiary Institution, Tongi, Gazipur
b) National prison establishment, Konabari, Gazipur
c) Jessore Correctional Institution.
If the roots of juvenile delinquency are not uprooted, it will take on a horrible shape. Very effective measures must be taken to control juvenile delinquency. Appropriate counseling, moral development, family ties, proper upbringing, religious education, healthy recreation, sports and exercise, patriotism education and good socialization can play a vital role in fighting crime. juvenile. This crime can decrease if society can create the right values ​​among teenagers. We need to develop the social service mentality in children from an early age. For the psychological development of children, parents should give time and talk to them kindly. Parents must pay attention to the small needs of their children. Educational institutions have a major role to play in creating values ​​and ethics in children. It is essential to make moral education compulsory and to provide counseling in every educational institution. We need to get children into the habit of reading different kinds of books from an early age. Juvenile delinquency can never be controlled by punishment alone, the most important thing is rather to correct their behavior.

The author is Assistant Professor, BAF Shaheen College, Kurmitola, Dhaka Cantonment.

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